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Impact of mapped EQ-5D utilities on cost-effectiveness analysis: in the case of dialysis treatments

Fan Yang (), Nancy Devlin () and Nan Luo
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Fan Yang: University of York
Nan Luo: National University of Singapore

The European Journal of Health Economics, 2019, vol. 20, issue 1, 99-105

Abstract: Abstract Objectives This study aimed to evaluate the performance of EQ-5D data mapped from SF-12 in terms of estimating cost effectiveness in cost-utility analysis (CUA). The comparability of SF-6D (derived from SF-12) was also assessed. Methods Incremental quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were calculated based on two Markov models assessing the cost effectiveness of haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) using utility values based on EQ-5D-5L, EQ-5D using three direct-mapping algorithms and two response-mapping algorithms (mEQ-5D), and SF-6D. Bootstrap method was used to estimate the 95% confidence interval (percentile method) of incremental QALYs and ICERs with 1000 replications for the utilities. Results In both models, compared to the observed EQ-5D values, mEQ-5D values expressed much lower incremental QALYs (range − 14.9 to − 33.2%) and much higher ICERs (range 17.5 to 49.7%). SF-6D also estimated lower incremental QALYs (− 29.0 and − 14.9%) and higher ICERs (40.9 and 17.5%) than did the observed EQ-5D. The 95% confidence interval of incremental QALYs and ICERs confirmed the lower incremental QALYs and higher ICERs estimated using mEQ-5D and SF-6D. Conclusion Compared to observed EQ-5D, EQ-5D mapped from SF-12 and SF-6D would under-estimate the QALYs gained in cost-utility analysis and thus lead to higher ICERs. It would be more sensible to conduct CUA studies using directly collected EQ-5D data and to designate one single preference-based measure as reference case in a jurisdiction to achieve consistency in healthcare decision-making.

Keywords: Cost-effectiveness; Dialysis; EQ-5D; Mapping; SF-6D (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s10198-018-0987-x

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