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Impact of type 2 diabetes on health expenditure: estimation based on individual administrative data

François-Olivier Baudot, Anne-Sophie Aguadé (), Thomas Barnay (), Christelle Gastaldi-Ménager () and Anne Fagot-Campagna ()
Additional contact information
Anne-Sophie Aguadé: Caisse Nationale de l’Assurance Maladie (Cnam)
Christelle Gastaldi-Ménager: Caisse Nationale de l’Assurance Maladie (Cnam)
Anne Fagot-Campagna: Caisse Nationale de l’Assurance Maladie (Cnam)

The European Journal of Health Economics, 2019, vol. 20, issue 5, No 4, 657-668

Abstract: Abstract Only limited data are available in France on the incidence and health expenditure of type 2 diabetes. The objective of this study, based on national health insurance administrative database, is to describe the expenditure reimbursed to patients newly treated for type 2 diabetes and the proportion of expenditure attributable to diabetes. The study is conducted over a 6-year period from 2008, the year of incidence of treated diabetes, to 2014. Type 2 diabetic patients aged 45 years and older are identified on the basis of their drug consumption. To estimate expenditure attributable to diabetes, a matched control group is selected among more than 13 million beneficiaries over 44 years old not taking antidiabetic treatment. The expenditure attributable to diabetes is estimated by two methods: simple comparison of reimbursed health expenditure between both groups, and a difference-in-differences method including control variables. The cohort of incident type 2 diabetic patients comprises 170,013 patients in 2008. Mean global reimbursed expenditure is €4700 per patient in 2008 and €5500 in 2015. Expenditure attributable to diabetes, estimated by direct comparison with controls, is €1500 in the first year. We, thus, observe a decrease in the following year due to decreased hospitalisations, and then expenditure increase by an average of 7% per year to reach €1900 in the eighth year after the initiation of treatment.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes; Cost of illness; SNDS; Difference in differences; Exact matching; France (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 H51 I18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Working Paper: Impact of type of 2 diabetes on health expenditure: an estimation based on individual administrative data (2018) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1007/s10198-018-1024-9

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The European Journal of Health Economics is currently edited by J.-M.G.v.d. Schulenburg

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