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Adapting preference-based utility measures to capture the impact of cancer treatment-related symptoms

Koonal K. Shah (), Bryan Bennett, Andrew Lenny, Louise Longworth, John E. Brazier, Mark Oppe, A. Simon Pickard and James W. Shaw
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Koonal K. Shah: PHMR
Bryan Bennett: Bristol-Myers Squibb
Andrew Lenny: PHMR
Louise Longworth: PHMR
John E. Brazier: University of Sheffield
Mark Oppe: Axentiva Solutions
A. Simon Pickard: University of Illinois at Chicago
James W. Shaw: Bristol-Myers Squibb

The European Journal of Health Economics, 2021, vol. 22, issue 8, No 11, 1309 pages

Abstract: Abstract It is important that patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures used to assess cancer therapies adequately capture the benefits and risks experienced by patients, particularly when adverse event profiles differ across therapies. This study explores the case for augmenting preference-based utility measures to capture the impact of cancer treatment-related symptoms. Additional cancer treatment-related items could be specific (e.g., rash) or global. While specific items are easier to describe and understand, their use may miss rarer symptoms and those that are currently unknown but will arise from future medical advancements. The appropriate number of additional items, the independence of those items, and their impact on the psychometric properties of the core instrument require consideration. Alternatively, a global item could encompass all potential treatment-related symptoms, of any treatments for any disease. However, such an item may not be well understood by general public respondents in valuation exercises. Further challenges include the decision about whether to generate de novo value sets for the modified instrument or to map to existing tariffs. The fluctuating and transient nature of treatment-related symptoms may be inconsistent with the methods used in conventional valuation exercises. Fluctuating symptoms could be missed by sub-optimal measure administration timing. The addition of items also poses double-counting risks. In summary, the addition of treatment-related symptom items could increase the sensitivity of existing utility measures to capture known and unknown treatment effects in oncology, while retaining the core domains. However, more research is needed to investigate the challenges, particularly regarding valuation.

Keywords: Cancer; Oncology; Preference-based measure; Side effect; Adverse event (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s10198-021-01337-6

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