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Multiple local optima in Zeuthen–Hicks bargaining: an analysis of different preference models

Luis Dias and Rudolf Vetschera ()
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Rudolf Vetschera: University of Vienna

EURO Journal on Decision Processes, 2019, vol. 7, issue 1, No 3, 33-53

Abstract: Abstract Zeuthen–Hicks bargaining provides a dynamic model that explains how two parties in a negotiation make concessions to reach the Nash bargaining solution. However, it is not clear whether this process will always reach the global optimum corresponding to the Nash bargaining solution, or could end at a local optimum, or even in disagreement. In this paper, we analyze different types of utility functions, both analytically and in a computational study, to determine under which circumstances convergence to the Nash bargaining solution will be achieved. We show that non-standard preferences, involving, e.g., reference point effects, might indeed lead to multiple local optima of the Nash bargaining objective function and thus failure of the bargaining process. This occurs more often if expectations of parties are mutually incompatible.

Keywords: Zeuthen–Hicks; Bargaining; Negotiation process; Utility function; Reference point; Nash solution; 91A05 2-person games; 91A30 Utility theory for games; 91A40 Game-theoretic models; 91B26 Market models (auctions; bargaining; bidding; selling; etc.); 26A51 Convexity; generalizations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s40070-018-0089-0

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Handle: RePEc:spr:eurjdp:v:7:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s40070-018-0089-0