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Child Survival and Fertility of Refugees in Rwanda

Philip Verwimp () and Jan Bavel ()
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Jan Bavel: Catholic University of Leuven and Postdoctoral Researcher of the Fund for Scientific Research – Flanders

European Journal of Population, 2005, vol. 21, issue 2, No 8, 290 pages

Abstract: Abstract In the 1960s and 1990s, internal strife in Rwanda has caused a mass flow of refugees into neighbouring countries. This article explores the cumulated fertility of Rwandan refugee women and the survival of their children. To this end, we use a national survey conducted between 1999 and 2001 and covering 6,420 former refugee and non-refugee households. The findings support old-age security theories of reproductive behaviour: refugee women had higher fertility but their children had lower survival chances. Newborn girls suffered more than boys, suggesting that the usual sex differential in child survival observed in most populations changes under extreme living conditions.

Keywords: fertility control; genocide; infant and child mortality; refugee; Rwanda; Contrôle de la fécondité; génocide; mortalité infanto-juvénile; réfugiés; Rwanda (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005
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DOI: 10.1007/s10680-005-6856-1

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