EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Does Population Diversity Matter for Economic Development in the Very Long Term? Historic Migration, Diversity and County Wealth in the US

Andrés Rodríguez-Pose () and Viola Berlepsch
Additional contact information
Viola Berlepsch: London School of Economics

European Journal of Population, 2019, vol. 35, issue 5, No 2, 873-911

Abstract: Abstract Does population diversity matter for economic development in the long run? Is there a different impact of diversity across time? This paper traces the short-, medium- and long-term economic impact of population diversity resulting from the big migration waves of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to the United States (US). Using census data from 1880, 1900 and 1910, the settlement pattern of migrants across the counties of the 48 US continental states is tracked in order to construct measures of population fractionalization and polarization at county level. Factors which may have influenced both the individual settlement decision at the time of migration and county-level economic development in recent years are controlled for. The results of the analysis show that high levels of population fractionalization have a strong and positive influence on economic development in the short, medium and long run. High levels of polarization, by contrast, undermine development. Despite a stronger effect on income levels in the first 30 years, we find these relationships to be extremely long lasting: counties with a more heterogeneous population composition over 130 years ago are significantly richer today, whereas counties that were strongly polarized at the time of the migration waves have endured persistent negative economic effects.

Keywords: Diversity; Fractionalization; Polarization; Economic development; Counties; USA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10680-018-9507-z Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
Working Paper: Does population diversity matter for economic development in the very long-term? Historic migration, diversity and county wealth in the US (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Does population diversity matter for economic development in the very long-term? Historic migration, diversity and county wealth in the US (2017) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:eurpop:v:35:y:2019:i:5:d:10.1007_s10680-018-9507-z

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer.com/economics/journal/10680

DOI: 10.1007/s10680-018-9507-z

Access Statistics for this article

European Journal of Population is currently edited by Helga A.G. de Valk

More articles in European Journal of Population from Springer, European Association for Population Studies
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2021-01-15
Handle: RePEc:spr:eurpop:v:35:y:2019:i:5:d:10.1007_s10680-018-9507-z