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Spillovers of US unconventional monetary policy: quantitative easing, spreads, and international financial markets

Zekeriya Yildirim and Mehmet Ivrendi ()
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Mehmet Ivrendi: Pamukkale University

Financial Innovation, 2021, vol. 7, issue 1, 1-38

Abstract: Abstract This study investigates the international spillover effects of US unconventional monetary policy (UMP)—frequently called large-scale asset purchases or quantitative easing (QE)—on advanced and emerging market economies, using structural vector autoregressive models with high-frequency daily data. Blinder (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Rev 92(6): 465–479, 2010) argued that the QE measures primarily aim to reduce US interest rate spreads, such as term and risk premiums. Considering this argument and recent empirical evidence, we use two spreads as indicators of US UMP: the mortgage and term spreads. Based on data from 20 emerging and 20 advanced countries, our empirical findings reveal that US unconventional monetary policies significantly affect financial conditions in emerging and advanced countries by altering the risk-taking behavior of investors. This result suggests that the risk-taking channel plays an important role in transmitting the effects of these policies to the rest of the world. The extent of these effects depends on the type of QE measures. QE measures such as purchases of private sector securities that lower the US mortgage spread exert stronger and more significant spillover effects on international financial markets than those that reduce the US term spread. Furthermore, the estimated financial spillovers vary substantially across countries and between and within the emerging and advanced countries that we examine in this study.

Keywords: US unconventional monetary policy; Quantitative easing; Interest rate spreads; Emerging markets; Financial spillovers; SVAR (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E43 E44 E52 E65 F42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1186/s40854-021-00299-1

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