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Does strong governance stimulate the effect of economic freedom and financial literacy on financial inclusion? a cross-country evidence

Muhammad Hussain (), Farzan Yahya () and Muhammad Waqas ()
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Muhammad Hussain: Institute of Southern Punjab
Farzan Yahya: Institute of Southern Punjab
Muhammad Waqas: Jiangsu University

Future Business Journal, 2021, vol. 7, issue 1, 1-10

Abstract: Abstract This study examines the interlinkages between financial literacy, economic freedom, government quality, and financial inclusion using cross-sectional and panel data analysis. Using a sample of 98 countries from the year 2007 to 2018, OLS and system GMM estimators were used to analyze the results. The estimation results indicate that financial literacy and government quality positively influence financial inclusion. Results also find that governance quality strengthens the effect of financial literacy on financial inclusion. The results derived from the dynamic panel model also reasonably conclude the positive effect of economic freedom on financial inclusion while government quality acts as a catalyst for their link. Our results are also robust to sub-panels based on the level of country risk.

Keywords: Financial inclusion; Economic freedom; Financial literacy; Governance quality (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1186/s43093-021-00090-9

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