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The impact of macroeconomic factors on food price inflation: an evidence from India

Asharani Samal (), Mallesh Ummalla () and Phanindra Goyari ()
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Asharani Samal: University of Hyderabad
Mallesh Ummalla: Woxsen University
Phanindra Goyari: University of Hyderabad

Future Business Journal, 2022, vol. 8, issue 1, 1-14

Abstract: Abstract The present study investigates the impact of macroeconomic factors on food price inflation in India utilizing the monthly time series during January 2006–March 2019. The long-run relationship is confirmed among the variables using the ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration. The coefficients of long-run estimates show that per capita income, money supply, global food prices, and agricultural wages are positively and significantly impacted food price inflation in both the short and long-run. While food grain availability has a negative and significant impact on food price inflation in both the short-run and long run. Further, the short-run estimates revealed that real exchange rate positively impacts food price inflation. However, the coefficient is insignificant in the short-run. The Granger causality estimates show that a short-run bidirectional causality is confirmed among per capita income, the exchange rate, per capita net availability of food grain and food price inflation. Further, there is evidence of unidirectional causality running from global food prices to food price inflation. However, there is no causal relationship running from money supply and agricultural wages to food price inflation in the short-run.

Keywords: Food price inflation; Macroeconomic factors; ARDL bounds testing approach; Causality test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C40 E03 E31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1186/s43093-022-00127-7

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