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A literature review of risk, regulation, and profitability of banks using a scientometric study

Shailesh Rastogi (), Arpita Sharma (), Geetanjali Pinto () and Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu ()
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Shailesh Rastogi: Symbiosis International (Deemed University)
Arpita Sharma: Symbiosis International (Deemed University)
Geetanjali Pinto: SIES School of Business Studies
Venkata Mrudula Bhimavarapu: Symbiosis International (Deemed University)

Future Business Journal, 2022, vol. 8, issue 1, 1-17

Abstract: Abstract This study presents a systematic literature review of regulation, profitability, and risk in the banking industry and explores the relationship between them. It proposes a policy initiative using a model that offers guidelines to establish the right mix among these variables. This is a systematic literature review study. Firstly, the necessary data are extracted using the relevant keywords from the Scopus database. The initial search results are then narrowed down, and the refined results are stored in a file. This file is finally used for data analysis. Data analysis is done using scientometrics tools, such as Table2net and Sciences cape software, and Gephi to conduct network, citation analysis, and page rank analysis. Additionally, content analysis of the relevant literature is done to construct a theoretical framework. The study identifies the prominent authors, keywords, and journals that researchers can use to understand the publication pattern in banking and the link between bank regulation, performance, and risk. It also finds that concentration banking, market power, large banks, and less competition significantly affect banks’ financial stability, profitability, and risk. Ownership structure and its impact on the performance of banks need to be investigated but have been inadequately explored in this study. This is an organized literature review exploring the relationship between regulation and bank performance. The limitations of the regulations and the importance of concentration banking are part of the findings.

Keywords: Bank performance; Regulation; Profitability; Risk; Bibliometric analysis; Scientometric analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1186/s43093-022-00146-4

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