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Out-of-pocket payments and catastrophic expenditures due to traffic injuries in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Laurène Petitfour (), Emmanuel Bonnet (), Isadora Mathevet (), Aude Nikiema () and Valéry Ridde ()
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Laurène Petitfour: Heidelberg Institute for Global Health
Emmanuel Bonnet: Institut de Recherche sur le Développement
Isadora Mathevet: OECD
Aude Nikiema: Institut des Sciences des Sociétés
Valéry Ridde: Institut de Recherche sur le Développement

Health Economics Review, 2021, vol. 11, issue 1, 1-10

Abstract: Abstract Objective To estimate the out-of-pocket expenditures linked to Road Traffic Injuries in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, as well as the prevalence of catastrophic expenditures among those out-of-pocket payments, and to identify the socio-economic determinants of catastrophic expenditures due to Road Traffic Injuries. Methods We surveyed every admission at the only trauma unit of Ouagadougou between January and July 2015 at the time of their admission, 7 days and 30 days later. We estimate a total amount of out-of-pocket expenditures paid by each patient. We considered an expense as catastrophic when it represented 10% at least of the annual global consumption of the patient’s household. We used linear models to determine if socio-economic characteristics were associated to a greater or smaller ratio between out-of-pocket payment and global annual consumption. Findings We surveyed 1323 Road injury victims three times (admission, Days 7 and 30). They paid in average 46,547 FCFA (83.64 US dollars) for their care, which represent a catastrophic expenditure for 19% of them. Less than 5% of the sample was covered by a health insurance scheme. Household economic status is found to be the first determinant of catastrophic health expenditure occurrence, exhibiting a significant and negative on the ratio between road injury expenditures and global consumption. Conclusion Our findings highlight the importance of developing health insurance schemes to protect poor households from the economic burden of road traffic injuries and improve equity in front of health shocks.

Keywords: Accidents & injuries; Road traffic injuries; Health economics; Health equity; Health financing; Health insurance; Noncommunicable disease; Trauma care; Catastrophic expenditures (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1186/s13561-021-00344-w

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