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Explaining external economic support inequality among households affected by HIV/AIDS in Tanzania: an Oaxaca Blinder decomposition analysis

Wilfried Guets (), Edward Kwabena Ameyaw () and Sanni Yaya ()
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Wilfried Guets: The World Bank
Edward Kwabena Ameyaw: University of Technology Sydney
Sanni Yaya: University of Ottawa

Health Economics Review, 2022, vol. 12, issue 1, 1-11

Abstract: Abstract Background HIV/AIDS remains the leading cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to multiple constraints experienced by households that seem to be disproportionally affected, families generally seek assistance from the community and external economic support. Previous researchers studied socioeconomic and gender inequality in HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan African countries. However, very few researchers have paid attention to the external economic support for HIV/AIDS affected households in Tanzania. This study investigates the difference in economic support among households affected or not affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Tanzania. Methods Data used stemmed from the Tanzania HIV Impact Survey 2016–2017 (THIS) of the Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (PHIA) project, collected between 2016 and 2017 in Tanzania. The study population were the heads of households (adults) with age greater than 15. The dependent variable for the study was economic support. This consisted of both material and non-material assistance obtained from outside the household. Socio-demographic (economics) characteristics constituted the predictors of the study. Descriptive statistics and econometric modelling were used to analyse determinants associated with external economic support. Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method was also performed to investigate the difference in economic support depending on households’ serological status in Tanzania. Results A total of 12,008 households were included. Almost 11% of the household heads indicated that their households received economic support. HIV/AIDS affected 7% of households. The mean age of the household heads was 45 years (SD ± 15) with a range of 16–80. The majority of household heads were men (72%). Being a household head affected by HIV/AIDS increases the probability to receive external economic support (p

Keywords: HIV/AIDS; Economic support; Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition; Households; Tanzania (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1186/s13561-022-00363-1

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