The erratic behaviour of the EU ETS on the path towards consolidation and price stability
Federico Galán-Valdivieso (),
Elena Villar-Rubio () and
María-Dolores Huete-Morales ()
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Federico Galán-Valdivieso: University of Almeria
Elena Villar-Rubio: University of Granada, Campus La Cartuja
María-Dolores Huete-Morales: University of Granada, Campus La Cartuja
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 2018, vol. 18, issue 5, 689-706
Abstract The Kyoto Protocol envisages the use of various instruments to achieve emission reduction targets, one of which is the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the most important market worldwide for CO2 emission allowances. The volume of European Union Allowances traded represents over 45% of all the carbon dioxide generated by human activity within the continent. In its first two phases (2005–2012), the behaviour of the EU ETS was erratic, as a result of discretionary policies, an oversupply of allowances and reduced economic activity due to the global crisis. These factors caused excessively low prices that distorted the initial goals of achieving low-carbon solutions. From 2013, changes were made to the market regulation mechanisms in order to correct these structural deficiencies. Empirical analysis of daily prices in the two central phases of the market, following the pattern of ARCH and GARCH models, shows that the measures taken within the EU generated greater confidence and stability in the market and thus reduced volatility. Subsequent price behaviour, following a bullish path, has confirmed the success of the measures taken and their contribution to fulfilling emission reduction targets.
Keywords: Kyoto Protocol; Emissions Trading System; EUA trading; Price shocks; GARCH models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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