Economics at your fingertips  

Structure and Changes in Household Income and Employment Across Social Groups in Rural India

Manasi Bera () and Amaresh Dubey ()
Additional contact information
Manasi Bera: Jawaharlal Nehru University
Amaresh Dubey: Jawaharlal Nehru University

The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 2020, vol. 63, issue 2, No 10, 407-435

Abstract: Abstract Indian economy has undergone important structural changes leading to high growth and poverty reduction in the last few decades. Rural economy has also registered significant changes during this period. Important among them is the growth in non-farm sector’s share in rural income and employment. This study intends to examine the following two questions: First, given the increasing importance of market-led non-farm sector in rural economy, do caste inequities of the rural economy continue to exist in non-agricultural economy? Second, does caste identity independently affect the non-farm sector inequities or because of the nature of its association with non-caste determinants? Findings show growing importance of non-farm sector in rural income generation and employment. However, the opportunities are not accessed equally. While regular salaried work and other transfers are increasingly accessed by forward groups (Brahmins, Others) and, OBCs there is high and increasing access to non-farm labour work among disadvantaged groups (SCs, STs, Muslims). Higher education emerges as the important factor in accessing better income opportunities in the rural non-farm sector. Inequality in higher education across caste groups may not allow the differences to disappear soon.

Keywords: Non-farm employment; Household income; Rural India; Social groups (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link) Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from

DOI: 10.1007/s41027-020-00215-8

Access Statistics for this article

The Indian Journal of Labour Economics is currently edited by Alakh Sharma

More articles in The Indian Journal of Labour Economics from Springer, The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().

Page updated 2020-09-12
Handle: RePEc:spr:ijlaec:v:63:y:2020:i:2:d:10.1007_s41027-020-00215-8