Does Services Sector Encourage Migration and Reduce Poverty?
Arup Mitra ()
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Arup Mitra: Delhi University Enclave
The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 2022, vol. 65, issue 1, No 1, 18 pages
Abstract Based on the cross-sectional data, this study examines the role of the services sector in the context of migration from the rural to the urban areas. The dominance of the services sector in the urban setup seems to be working as a pull factor. While industrialisation is seen to encourage migration, the three-equation-recursive model estimated in our study clearly brings out the positive role of the services sector in explaining the variations in the migration rate and the urban per capita consumption expenditure (a proxy for earnings), which in turn reduces urban poverty significantly. The popular belief is that migration transfers rural poverty into the urban domain, polluting the quality of city life. But our results bring out the positive role that migration plays in reducing poverty. This is indeed an important and cost-effective mechanism compared to the direct cash-transfer and employment guarantee programmes adopted in the rural context. At the heart of this entire dynamics, there lies, however, the crucial role that the services sector plays in encouraging migration and reducing poverty.
Keywords: Migration; Services; Urban; Poverty; Consumption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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