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Impact of strategic management, corporate social responsibility on firm performance in the post mandate period: evidence from India

Nayan Mitra ()
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Nayan Mitra: Sustainable Advancements (OPC) Private Limited

International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, 2021, vol. 6, issue 1, 1-15

Abstract: Abstract Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is like a chameleon, that changes its colour according to the context it is in. In the developed economy, it takes the form of sustainability and/ or philanthropy, whereas, in emerging economies, it speaks the language of religious, political and/ or mandated CSR. India, in recent times came into the limelight with its mandated CSR policy that was incorporated into its Companies Act 2013, which became operational from the financial year 2014 - 2015. Mandated CSR is thus a new area of study that is based on the philosophy that ‘CSR should contribute to the national agenda in emerging economies,’ under some statutory guidelines as laid down by the Government. But, business houses, do look for maximising its profit. Profit can be financial and/ or non-financial. If not money, then at least the effort must be compensated with reputation, image, that helps in brand building! And, to have this as an objective, their efforts should be strategic! But, does all strategies work? With these questions and conceptual thinking, this empirical research aims to identify the key aspects of Strategic Management, CSR and Firm Performance and establish relationship between them; apart from developing a valid and reliable scale to do so. This is indeed one of the first researches and documentations done among the large Indian firms in India immediately in the post mandate period and thus forms a base for understanding the CSR dynamics in the years to come.

Keywords: Corporate social responsibility; CSR; Strategic management; Internal orientation; External orientation; CSR intent; CSR management; Industrial standards; CSR communication; Community orientation; Market orientation; Supply chain orientation; Mandated CSR; Section 135; Schedule VII; India; Empirical study; Firm performance; Emerging economies; Intangible benefits; Reputation; Image; Scale development (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1186/s40991-020-00052-4

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International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility is currently edited by René Schmidpeter and Samuel O. Idowu

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Handle: RePEc:spr:ijocsr:v:6:y:2021:i:1:d:10.1186_s40991-020-00052-4