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The relationship between corruption and chronic diseases: evidence from Europeans aged 50 years and older

Lorenzo Ferrari () and Francesco Salustri ()
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Lorenzo Ferrari: University of Rome “Tor Vergata”

International Journal of Public Health, 2020, vol. 65, issue 3, No 18, 345-355

Abstract: Abstract Objectives Do people living in more corrupted countries report worse health? We answer this question by investigating the relationship between country-level corruption and the number of chronic diseases for a sample of Europeans aged above 50. Methods We link a rich panel dataset on individual health and socio-demographic characteristics with two country-level corruption indices, analyse the overall relationship with pooled ordinary least squares and fixed-effect models, explore heterogeneous effects driven by country and individual factors, and disentangle the effect across different public sectors. Results Individuals living in more corrupted countries suffer from a higher number of chronic diseases. The heterogeneity analysis shows that (1) health outcomes are worsened especially for respondents living in relatively low-income countries; (2) the health of females and people with poor socio-economic status is more affected by corruption; (3) the corruption–health negative link mainly occurs for cardiovascular diseases and ulcers; (4) only corrupted sectors linked with healthcare are associated with poorer health. Conclusions We inform the policy debate with novel results in establishing a nexus between corruption and morbidity indicators.

Keywords: Corruption; Public health; Chronic diseases; Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s00038-020-01347-w

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Handle: RePEc:spr:ijphth:v:65:y:2020:i:3:d:10.1007_s00038-020-01347-w