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The effect of fairness on tax morale in South Korea: a framed question approach

YoungRok Kim () and Hongyu Wan ()
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YoungRok Kim: Kansai University
Hongyu Wan: Yonsei University

International Review of Economics, 2022, vol. 69, issue 1, No 5, 103-123

Abstract: Abstract This study examines how the perceptions of fairness in tax regimes influence tax morale. We empirically demonstrate the importance of the perception of fairness in shaping tax morale and the subsequent attitudes by examining data on approximately 7300 taxpayers by the National Survey of Tax and Benefit of South Korea. To estimate the tax moral inherent in taxpayers, we adopt the framed and hypothetical tax evasion question method. We find that taxpayers are more likely to pay taxes if they perceive the tax system as fair in terms of vertical, horizontal, exchange, and distributive fairness, while procedural fairness is not statistically significant. Our results also indicate that the peer effect and trust in government have an essential positive correlation with tax morale.

Keywords: Perception; Tax morale; Fairness; Framed question; Tax evasion; NaSTaB (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s12232-022-00387-3

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