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The effects of psychological capital and risk tolerance on service workers’ internal motivation for firm performance and entrepreneurship

Joohee Kim () and Yonghwi Noh ()
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Joohee Kim: Bucheon University
Yonghwi Noh: Myongji University

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2016, vol. 12, issue 3, No 3, 696 pages

Abstract: Abstract This study investigates how psychological capital and risk tolerance can inspire service workers to develop internal motivation and entrepreneurial confidence. Data were gathered from a survey of 255 service workers in the metropolitan area of Seoul, South Korea. The results showed that service workers’ psychological capital consisted of two main constructs: hopeful self-efficacy and optimistic resilience. The results indicated that hopeful self-efficacy had no significant effect on service workers’ internal motivation, while the optimistic resilience had a positive effect which in turn positively impacted entrepreneurial confidence. On the other hand, risk tolerance was found not to affect service workers’ internal motivation. These results imply that optimistic service workers, with recuperative powers, tended to be proactive in their work and have more confidence when establishing new ventures. They also suggest that service firms can improve organizational performance by promoting worker optimism and resilience. This study provides practical insights into why service firms should pay attention to worker optimism and resilience to improve firm performance over the long run, not only for the firms but for the national economy as a whole.

Keywords: Positive psychological capital; Entrepreneurship; Internal motivation; Service workers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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