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Does sport affect the competitiveness of European Union countries? An analysis of the degree of innovation and GDP per capita using linear and QCA models

María Huertas González-Serrano (), Vicente Prado-Gascó (), Josep Crespo-Hervás () and Ferran Calabuig-Moreno ()
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María Huertas González-Serrano: University of Valencia
Vicente Prado-Gascó: University of Valencia
Josep Crespo-Hervás: University of Valencia
Ferran Calabuig-Moreno: University of Valencia

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Ferran Calabuig Moreno ()

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2019, vol. 15, issue 4, No 13, 1343-1362

Abstract: Abstract The sport industry has experienced great growth in recent years worldwide, and especially in the European Union (EU) countries. However, despite the role that this industry can play in improving the competitiveness of these countries (Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita and innovation performance), no studies have been found that analyse its influence. So, the main aim of this study is, firstly, to analyse the relationship between the innovation performance and the GDP per capita of EU countries, and, secondly, to find out how sport-related indicators and different innovation-related indicators influence the innovation performance and GDP per capita of the EU countries. To this end, two different methodologies have been used: hierarchical regression models and qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). A total sample of 23 EU countries have been analysed. The results show that GDP per capita and innovation performance are highly correlated in a positive and significant way (0.76; p 0.90). Finally, a number of practical implications are presented that can help policy makers to improve the competitiveness of EU countries.

Keywords: Sport; Innovation; GDP per capita; Competitiveness; European Union countries; QCA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1007/s11365-019-00592-7

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