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Relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and social performance in Spanish sports clubs. The effect of the type of funding and the level of competition

J. M. Núñez-Pomar, P. Escamilla-Fajardo () and V. Prado-Gascó
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J. M. Núñez-Pomar: University of Valencia
P. Escamilla-Fajardo: University of Valencia
V. Prado-Gascó: University of Valencia

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2020, vol. 16, issue 3, No 11, 999 pages

Abstract: Abstract The entrepreneurial orientation and social role of sports clubs have recently become topics of great interest to academics and professionals. The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in sports clubs and their social performance (SP) and the effect that management variables such as the type of funding (public vs private) and the competition level (national vs regional) may have on this relationship. To compare the results, two complementary methodologies have been used to compare the results: linear models with moderation analysis and models based on qualitative comparative analysis (QCA). The study was carried out with a sample of 407 Spanish sports clubs. The instrument used to measure EO was an adaptation of the original Covin and Slevin (1989) approach, while the instrument used to measure SP is a validated scale of our own elaboration presenting good psychometric properties. The results found show a direct effect of the EO dimensions on the SP. In all cases, clubs with major public funding showed higher levels of prediction in SP. On the other hand, as far as QCA is concerned, no necessary condition was found, while the most important condition sufficient to obtain high levels of SP would be high levels of innovation, a high level of risk-taking, and low levels of proactivity in national sports clubs. In general, models based on qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) provide higher predictive values than linear regression models and include variables not considered in linear models.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial orientation; Sport clubs; Social performance; Social entrepreneurship; Nonprofit organizations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1007/s11365-020-00660-3

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