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Entrepreneurial intentions in the context of a collectivist economy: a comparison between Cuba and Spain

Francisco J. García-Rodríguez (), Inés Ruiz-Rosa (), Desiderio Gutiérrez-Taño () and Esperanza Gil-Soto ()
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Francisco J. García-Rodríguez: Universidad de La Laguna
Inés Ruiz-Rosa: Universidad de La Laguna
Desiderio Gutiérrez-Taño: Universidad de La Laguna
Esperanza Gil-Soto: Universidad de La Laguna

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2022, vol. 18, issue 2, No 15, 855-873

Abstract: Abstract Entrepreneurship research has matured and now spans multiple entrepreneurial contexts, including developing countries, emerging and transitional economies. However, collectivist economies have largely been ignored, partly due to difficulties in conducting research and partly due to the widespread assumption that they remain on the outskirts of entrepreneurial activity. In this paper, from the entrepreneurial event model perspective, we analyse entrepreneurial intention and its antecedents in Cuba, probably the best example of a collectivist economy that exists nowadays. Cuba is compared to Spain, a country that shares historical and cultural features but one which has a developed market economy. Findings indicate that desirability and feasibility constitute the main antecedents of entrepreneurial intention in Cuba, as other studies in market economy countries reflect. However, the influence of desirability on entrepreneurial intention is lower in Cuba compared to Spain, where the values of desirability and feasibility are significantly greater. These results seem to indicate that due to Cuba’s level of development, political regime and collectivist culture, entrepreneurship arises mainly out of necessity and the emergence of a strong entrepreneurial culture is stifled. This reflects a similar situation to the result obtained in previous studies in developing countries.

Keywords: Collectivist economy; Entrepreneurial context; Entrepreneurial intention; Entrepreneurship; Cuba; Desirability; Feasibility; Entrepreneurial event model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s11365-020-00686-7

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