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The cost of immigrants’ occupational mismatch and the effectiveness of postarrival policies in Canada

Yigit Aydede () and Atul Dar ()
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Atul Dar: Saint Mary’s University

IZA Journal of Migration and Development, 2016, vol. 5, issue 1, 1-23

Abstract: Abstract Using the 2006 Census, we create a continuous index that quantifies the relatedness between 1375 fields of study and 520 occupations for native-born workers and use it as the benchmark reflecting the “common” matching quality in Canadian labor markets that internationally educated immigrant workers could achieve in the long run. This allows us to approximate the cost of the occupational mismatch of immigrants by estimating the change in their earnings had they been distributed identically to the native born in terms of relatedness. Although the results show a significant and persistent poor matching quality for foreign-educated immigrants, their relative underutilization cost is negligible. Jel codes: J6, J15, J61

Keywords: Occupational mismatch; Relatedness; Underutilization; Immigration; Wage gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1186/s40176-016-0057-z

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IZA Journal of Migration and Development is currently edited by Amelie F. Constant, Denis Fougère and Tommaso Colussi

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