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The impact of host language proficiency across the immigrants’ earning distribution in Spain

Santiago Budria Rodriguez (), Carlos Martinez de Ibarreta and Pablo Swedberg
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Carlos Martinez de Ibarreta: Universidad Pontificia Comillas
Pablo Swedberg: Saint Louis University

IZA Journal of Migration and Development, 2017, vol. 7, issue 1, 1-27

Abstract: Abstract This paper explores the impact of Spanish language proficiency on immigrant earnings in Spain using an instrumental variable quantile regression approach. The impact is on average roughly 17.2% but varies substantially across the earning distribution. The return to destination language proficiency actually ranges from zero at the bottom quantiles to 30% at the top quantile of the earning distribution. These findings suggest that the benefits derived from host language knowledge are particularly important among individuals with stronger unobserved abilities and marketable skills and that language training policies targeted at specific immigrant population categories may be ineffective from a labor market earning perspective. JEL Classification: F22, J24, J61

Keywords: Immigration; Spanish language proficiency; Earnings; Instrumental variable quantile regression (IVQR) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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DOI: 10.1186/s40176-017-0094-2

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IZA Journal of Migration and Development is currently edited by Amelie F. Constant, Denis Fougère and Tommaso Colussi

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Handle: RePEc:spr:izamig:v:7:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40176-017-0094-2