Die regionale Arbeitsplatzdynamik in Deutschland – Mehr Bewegung im Osten
Oliver Ludewig and
Antje Weyh ()
Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, 2011, vol. 31, issue 1, 27-56
Between 2001 and 2006, about 150,000 jobs were lost in Germany each year. This rather low net change conceals large job flows. Each year, 2.16 million new jobs were generated and at the same time 2.31 million jobs were destroyed, resulting in the net change of 150,000 jobs. The regional disaggregation of the job turnover reveals large spatial disparities of the net changes as well as the job flows. On the one hand, the familiar north-south and east-west differences can be observed. On the other hand, it appears that in terms on net change the NUTS 3-regions develop better in moderately congested areas than those in highly agglomerated or rural regions. This paper shows that job creation and job destruction are positively and highly correlated. However, a high rate of job creation does not necessarily induce a positive net change. On the contrary, job turnover as the sum of job creation and job destruction is negatively correlated with the net change of jobs. The regional distribution of job turnover and its components suggests that regions influence each other mutually, or that they are influenced by the same or at least by similar factors. The high and significant Moran-Indices give further evidence of spatial autocorrelation. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2011
Keywords: Stellenumschlag; räumliche Autokorrelation; Bruttobeschäftigungsbewegungen; regionale Unterschiede; J21; M13; R11; R12; Job turnover; Spatial autocorrelation; Gross job flows; Regional disparities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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