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The effect of natural and man-made disasters on countries’ production efficiency

George Halkos (), Shunsuke Managi and Nickolaos Tzeremes

Journal of Economic Structures, 2015, vol. 4, issue 1, 1-13

Abstract: This study intends to understand how disaster is related to countries’ production efficiency using a sample of 137 countries over 1980–2011. We analyze the effect of the number of man-made and natural disaster occurrences on countries’ technological change (swift of the frontier) and technological catch-up (distribution of efficiencies). The results reveal an inverted “U” shape relationship between countries’ technological change and technological catch-up with disaster occurrences. This finding suggests that the effect on countries’ production efficiency is positive for lower number of disaster events; however, after a specific threshold value, the effect becomes negative. The results also reveal that low-income countries are negatively affected much quicker compared to high-income countries. Finally, it is evident that the negative effect of disaster occurrences impacts first countries’ technological catch-up and then their technology change. Copyright Halkos et al. 2015

Keywords: C14; D24; O47; Disasters; Production efficiency; Conditional efficiency; Nonparametric analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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DOI: 10.1186/s40008-015-0019-2

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