Freelance as a Creative Mode of Self-employment in a New Economy (a Literature Review)
Daniyar T. Baitenizov (),
Igor N. Dubina (),
David F. J. Campbell (),
Elias G. Carayannis () and
Tolkyn A. Azatbek ()
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Daniyar T. Baitenizov: L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Igor N. Dubina: Novosibirsk State University
David F. J. Campbell: Danube University Krems
Elias G. Carayannis: The George Washington University
Tolkyn A. Azatbek: L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University
Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 2019, vol. 10, issue 1, 1-17
Abstract Self-employment, as an economic and labour phenomenon, contributes noticeably to the economy of many countries. This paper presents an analytical review of the literature of 1970–2017, on the subject of self-employment and freelance as a new form of self-employment, and reveals tendencies and perspectives for the development of self-employment in context of the processes of globalisation and the forming and formation of a new (creative, knowledge and innovation) economy or a creative creativity economy.
Keywords: Self-employment; Innovation; Freelance; Knowledge economy; Creative economy; Creativity economy; Innovation economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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