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Inter- and Intra-firm Diffusion of Technology: the Example of Software, Hardware, and Network Communications Empirical Evidence for Tunisian Manufacturing Firms

Adel Ben Khalifa ()
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Adel Ben Khalifa: University of Carthage

Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 2022, vol. 13, issue 1, No 11, 236-263

Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this paper is to investigate the key drivers of inter- and intra-firm diffusion of technology taking as an example three groups of ICT: Software, Hardware, and Network communications. This is done by estimating an encompassing model of diffusion, proposed by Battisti et al. (2009), integrating rank, stock, order, and epidemics effects, which is extended to include technology-specific obstacles and Government subsidies. Our study is based on a dataset collected through the industrial upgrading survey carried out in Tunisia in 2016. It is a cross-section data from 238 Tunisian manufacturing firms. Econometric results show that the drivers of inter- and intra-firm are not the same in case of all ICT groups. Likewise, the determinants of ICT differ from one technology to another. Finally, ICT specific costs are no longer an obstacle to technology diffusion, yet Government supports are an important factor in explaining ICT diffusion.

Keywords: ICT diffusion; Inter-firm versus intra-firm diffusion; Software versus Hardware or Network communications (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O18 O33 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s13132-020-00718-1

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