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Understanding Diversity in the Phenomenon of Immigrant Organizations: A Comprehensive Framework

Deby Babis ()
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Deby Babis: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2016, vol. 17, issue 2, No 3, 355-369

Abstract: Abstract Voluntary immigrant organizations are a worldwide phenomenon. Yet, despite the fact that all of these organizations were founded as a consequence of immigration, their actual characteristics and activities are very diverse, and even in some cases, immigrants do not found organizations at all. Therefore, this paper deals with the question: under which conditions are different associations founded—and when are they not founded? Following a brief mapping of the wide category of immigrant organizations, the paper discusses the term immigrant organization itself and suggests a definition. Finally, the paper outlines a comprehensive and systematic framework, which integrates findings of the existing literature as well as adding some new factors. Within this framework, four main variables are particularly relevant in determining the uniqueness of each immigrant organization: (1) the attributes of the immigrant population, (2) the characteristics of the country of origin, (3) gaps vis-à-vis the host society, and (4) attitudes and policies of the host society in relation to immigrants. Combinations of these four variables, which are unique in each settlement process, explain the formation of diverse types of organizations among immigrant groups.

Keywords: Immigrant organizations; Ethnic associations; Immigrants; Voluntary organizations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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DOI: 10.1007/s12134-014-0405-x

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