Connecting Return Intentions and Home Investment: the Case of Ghanaian Migrants in Southern Europe
Edmond Akwasi Agyeman () and
Mercedes Fernández Garcia ()
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Edmond Akwasi Agyeman: University of Education, Winneba
Mercedes Fernández Garcia: Universidad Pontificia Comillas
Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2016, vol. 17, issue 3, No 6, 745-759
Abstract In this paper, we analyse the return intentions and home investment of Ghanaian migrants living in Italy and Spain. We show that the migrants’ intention to resettle in Ghana is a strong motivation for them to invest there. Home construction is the primary investment activity that those who desire to return undertake, followed by setting up an income generating venture (retail shop, bakery, hairdressing salon, cash crop and poultry farms). However, in spite of high return intentions, actual return is largely dependent on economic success than failure. Moreover, the migrants’ desire to educate their children in the West, keep their European residence rights, and difficult socio-economic conditions in Ghana constitute key constraints to return. Consequently, the migrants prefer to establish a permanent home in Europe, with the hope to return home when their children grow up or after their labour market activity is over; and while those in Italy desire to move onward, those in Spain prefer to stay there.
Keywords: Ghanaian migrants in Italy and Spain; Return and reintegration; Home investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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