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Timing of Naturalization Among US Immigrants

Eva Dziadula

Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2018, vol. 19, issue 3, No 16, 811 pages

Abstract: Abstract When do foreign-born individuals acquire US citizenship? Previous studies hypothesized that those eligible for citizenship would choose to pursue naturalization early on in order to enjoy the benefits. I test this hypothesis using newly available information on the timing of naturalization from the American Community Survey (ACS) and I find supporting evidence. Controlling for observable characteristics in a hazard model reveals an interesting, nonlinear pattern of importance for the time spent in the USA. While the duration of stay is positively associated with naturalization, it is increasing at a decreasing rate. The likelihood of naturalization increases for approximately the first 20 years and then starts to decline.

Keywords: Immigration; Citizenship; Naturalization; Assimilation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s12134-018-0573-1

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