Social Capital and Its Effect on Labour Market (Mis)match: Migrants’ Overqualification in Germany
Nancy Kracke () and
Christina Klug ()
Additional contact information
Nancy Kracke: German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies (DZHW)
Christina Klug: The German Youth Institute (DJI)
Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2021, vol. 22, issue 4, No 19, 1573-1598
Abstract If a person is overqualified in the sense that an employee’s level of training exceeds the job requirements, then some human capital lies idle and cannot be converted into appropriate (monetary and non-monetary) returns. Migrants are particularly at risk of being overqualified in their employment; however, this phenomenon cannot be fully explained by differences in human capital or socio-economic characteristics. This paper examines whether social capital plays a decisive role in migrants’ risk of overqualification in Germany. Using data from the German IAB-SOEP Migration Sample, we analyse the job search process of migrants to determine whether social networks influence their risk of being employed below their acquired educational level. We estimate logistic regression models and find that social capital influences the adequacy of migrants’ jobs: We show that migrants are at a greater risk of overqualification if they use only informal job search strategies such as relying on friends or family members. Moreover, we find that homophilous migrant networks and jobs in employment niches are risk factors for overqualification. We conclude that the combination of informal job search modes and homophilous migrant networks leads to a comparably high risk for migrants of being overqualified in their employment in the German labour market.
Keywords: Overqualification; Migrants; Social capital; Job search (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12134-021-00817-1 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:joimai:v:22:y:2021:i:4:d:10.1007_s12134-021-00817-1
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.springer ... tudies/journal/12134
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of International Migration and Integration is currently edited by Lori Wilkinson
More articles in Journal of International Migration and Integration from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().