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Sectoral gender wage differentials and discrimination in the transitional Chinese economy

Xin Meng (), Junsen Zhang and Pak-Wai Liu ()
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Pak-Wai Liu: Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong

Journal of Population Economics, 2000, vol. 13, issue 2, 352 pages

Abstract: China's economic reform has affected various ownership sectors to different degree. A comparison of gender wage differentials and discrimination among individuals employed in the three sectors - state sector, the collective sector, and the private sector - provides information on the impact of economic reform. Two Chinese data sets from Shanghai and Jinan are used to examine the gender wage gap across the three sectors. It is found that privatization/marketization of the economy leads to larger wage differentials as human capital characteristics are more appropriately rewarded. Both data sets show that the relative share of discrimination in the overall gender wage differential declines substantially across ownership sectors from the state to the private. The increase in gender wage differential due to marketization is much larger than any increase in differential that may arise from more gender discrimination.

Keywords: Gender wage differentials; discrimination; China's economic reform (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J71 P20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2000-07-04
Note: Received: 5 November 1997/Accepted: 10 January 2000
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