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New evidence on the healthy immigrant effect

Lidia Farre ()

Journal of Population Economics, 2016, vol. 29, issue 2, No 2, 365-394

Abstract: Abstract This paper presents new evidence that immigrants have better health than natives upon arrival to their destination. It analyzes a very interesting episode in international migration, namely the exodus of Ecuadorians in the aftermath of the economic collapse in the late 1990s. More than 600,000 Ecuadorians from 1999 to 2005 left their homeland, most relocating in Spain. Using information from the birth certificate data, the paper compares the birth outcomes of immigrant women in Spain not only to that of natives at destination, but to that of natives in Ecuador and immigrants from other nationalities in Spain. These comparisons suggest that the better health at birth of children born to immigrants from Ecuador partly responds to the selection of healthier women into migration.

Keywords: Immigration; Selection; Health and birth outcomes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J61 I14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:29:y:2016:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-015-0578-4