The impact of extreme weather events on education
Valeria Groppo and
Journal of Population Economics, 2017, vol. 30, issue 2, No 2, 433-472
Abstract This paper provides new evidence on the long- and medium-term impact of extreme weather events on education. Our focus is on Mongolia, where two extremely severe winters caused mass livestock mortality. We use household panel data with information on households’ preshock location, combined with historic district-level livestock census data and climate data. Our econometric strategy exploits exogenous variation in shock intensity across space and time, using a difference-in-differences approach. Results indicate that individuals who experience the shock while of schooling age and living in severely affected districts are significantly less likely to complete mandatory education, both in the long and medium terms. The effects are driven by individuals from herding households, while no significant effects are found for individuals from nonherding households. This finding renders it unlikely that extreme winters affect education through school closures during extreme climatic conditions, to which all children were exposed. Moreover, there is no evidence for a differential impact of extreme weather events by gender. This suggests that the effects are not mainly channeled through increased child labor in herding but rather they are related to reductions in household income.
Keywords: Children; Education; Extreme weather events; Mongolia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I25 Q54 O12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00148-016-0628-6 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
Working Paper: The Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Education (2015)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:30:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-016-0628-6
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... tion/journal/148/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Population Economics is currently edited by K.F. Zimmermann
More articles in Journal of Population Economics from Springer, European Society for Population Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().