The effect of natural disaster on fertility, birth spacing, and child sex ratio: evidence from a major earthquake in India
Arindam Nandi (),
Sumit Mazumdar () and
Additional contact information
Arindam Nandi: University of Chicago
Journal of Population Economics, 2018, vol. 31, issue 1, No 9, 267-293
Abstract Natural disasters can lead to significant changes in health, economic, and demographic outcomes. However, the demographic effects of earthquakes have been studied only to a limited degree. This paper examines the effect of the 2001 Gujarat earthquake on reproductive outcomes. This earthquake killed more than 20,000 people; injured 167,000; and caused massive losses to property and civic assets. Using data from two large-scale District-Level Household Surveys (2002–2004 and 2007–2008), we employ difference-in-difference and fixed-effect regression models to compare the outcomes across earthquake-affected districts and their neighboring districts during 5 years before and after the earthquake. We find that the earthquake led to significant rises in childbirth rates. It also reduced birth spacing among uneducated, tribal, and Muslim women, and the incidence of male births among rural women. We find considerable variation in the demographic effects of the earthquake across location, household socioeconomic status, and parental age and education.
Keywords: Gujarat; Earthquake; India; Fertility; Birth spacing; Sex ratio; Trivers-Willard hypothesis; J10; J11; J13; J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00148-017-0659-7 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:31:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s00148-017-0659-7
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... tion/journal/148/PS2
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Population Economics is currently edited by K.F. Zimmermann
More articles in Journal of Population Economics from Springer, European Society for Population Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().