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Education and gender role attitudes

Huichao Du (), Yun Xiao () and Liqiu Zhao ()
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Huichao Du: Renmin University of China
Yun Xiao: University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute
Liqiu Zhao: Renmin University of China

Journal of Population Economics, 2021, vol. 34, issue 2, No 5, 475-513

Abstract: Abstract This paper examines whether education plays an important role in shaping individuals’ gender role attitudes. We exploit exogenous variation in temporal and geographical impacts of the 1986 Compulsory Education Law in China, which reduced inequality in compulsory school attendance across regions. Using the data from the China General Social Survey, we find that the extra schooling induced by the compulsory schooling reform leads to more egalitarian gender role attitudes. Education’s liberalizing effect is concentrated among females and urban residents. However, education’s impacts on gender-equal behavior are much weaker than impacts on attitudes. Finally, we discuss the potential channels through which education shapes individuals’ gender-role attitudes.

Keywords: Education; Gender role attitudes; Compulsory education law; China (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s00148-020-00793-3

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