EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Sexual orientation and earnings: a meta-analysis 2012–2020

Nick Drydakis ()

Journal of Population Economics, 2022, vol. 35, issue 2, No 2, 409-440

Abstract: Abstract This meta-analysis utilizes 24 papers published between 2012 and 2020 that focus on earnings differences by sexual orientation. The papers cover the period between 1991 and 2018, and countries in Europe, North America, and Australia. The meta-analysis indicates that gay men earned less than heterosexual men. Lesbian women earned more than heterosexual women, while bisexual men earned less than heterosexual men. Bisexual women earned less than heterosexual women. According to the meta-analysis, in data sets after 2010, gay men and bisexual men and women continue to experience earnings penalties, while lesbian women continue to experience earnings premiums. The persistence of earnings penalties for gay men and bisexual men and women in the face of anti-discrimination policies represents a cause for concern and indicates the need for comprehensive legislation and workplace guidelines to guarantee that people receive fair pay and not experience any form of workplace inequality simply because of their sexual orientation.

Keywords: Sexual orientation; Discrimination; Earnings; Meta-analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 E24 J15 J16 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00148-021-00862-1 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

Related works:
Working Paper: Sexual Orientation and Earnings. A Meta-Analysis 2012-2020 (2021) Downloads
Working Paper: Sexual Orientation and Earnings. A Meta-Analysis 2012-2020 (2021) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:35:y:2022:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-021-00862-1

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.springer. ... tion/journal/148/PS2

DOI: 10.1007/s00148-021-00862-1

Access Statistics for this article

Journal of Population Economics is currently edited by K.F. Zimmermann

More articles in Journal of Population Economics from Springer, European Society for Population Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla () and Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing ().

 
Page updated 2022-08-19
Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:35:y:2022:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-021-00862-1