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Short-run and long-run effects of peers from disrupted families

Ziteng Lei ()
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Ziteng Lei: University of California

Journal of Population Economics, 2022, vol. 35, issue 3, No 7, 1007-1036

Abstract: Abstract I study the short-run and long-run effects of exposure to peers from disrupted families in adolescence. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) data, I find that girls are mostly unaffected by peers from disrupted families, while boys exposed to more peers from disrupted families exhibit more school problems in adolescence and higher arrest probabilities, less stable jobs, and higher probabilities of suffering from financial stress as young adults. These results suggest negative effects on non-cognitive skills but no effect on cognitive skills, as measured by academic performance. The dramatic increase in family disruption in the USA should thus receive more attention, as the intergenerational mobility and inequality consequences could be larger than anticipated as a result of classroom spillovers.

Keywords: Education; Gender; Non-cognitive skills; Family structure; Father absence; Peer effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I21 J12 J13 J16 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s00148-021-00839-0

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