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Brothers increase women’s gender conformity

Anne Ardila Brenøe ()
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Anne Ardila Brenøe: University of Zurich

Journal of Population Economics, 2022, vol. 35, issue 4, No 14, 1859-1896

Abstract: Abstract I examine how one central aspect of the family environment—sibling sex composition—affects women’s gender conformity. Using Danish administrative data, I causally estimate the effect of having a second-born brother relative to a sister for first-born women. I show that women with a brother acquire more traditional gender roles as measured through their choice of occupation and partner. This results in a stronger response to motherhood in labor market outcomes. As a relevant mechanism, I provide evidence of increased gender-specialized parenting in families with mixed-sex children. Finally, I find persistent effects on the next generation of girls.

Keywords: Gender norms; Gender conformity; Sibling sex; Occupational choice; Motherhood (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J12 J13 J16 J22 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s00148-021-00830-9

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