The labour division of Italian couples after a birth: assessing the effect of unobserved heterogeneity
Maria Gabriella Campolo (),
Antonino Di Pino () and
Ester Lucia Rizzi ()
Additional contact information
Maria Gabriella Campolo: University of Messina
Antonino Di Pino: University of Messina
Ester Lucia Rizzi: Université Catholique de Louvain
Journal of Population Research, 2020, vol. 37, issue 2, No 1, 107-137
Abstract The results of previous studies on the effect of childbearing on both parents’ paid and unpaid work suffer from the difficulty related to the specification of latent variables that influence the relationship between reproductive behaviour of the couple and working activity. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of transition to parenthood on the partners’ division of labour by accounting for latent variables, such as the bargaining process between partners and endogenous fertility decisions. In particular, this is the first time that our specific estimation strategy has been applied to determine the impact of childbearing on the division of household labour between partners taking into account the reverse causality effect between labour and fertility decisions. We use longitudinal data on married or cohabiting Italian couples provided by the Italian panel survey of the Generation and Gender Program. Our results are consistent with previous studies, and show that the birth of a child affects a woman’s unpaid labour strongly and positively and her paid labour negatively, while men’s work is mostly unaffected. Moreover, when partners hold traditional attitudes regarding gender roles and the family, the female partner is even more strongly affected by childbearing in terms of total amount of labour (paid plus unpaid). However, our sensitivity analysis shows that these results appear only when our correction strategy for the misspecification of latent variables is applied.
Keywords: Parenthood transition; Intra-household labour division; Difference-in-differences estimator; Gender attitudes; Traditional family (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12546-020-09241-1 Abstract (text/html)
Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:spr:joprea:v:37:y:2020:i:2:d:10.1007_s12546-020-09241-1
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
https://www.springer ... tudies/journal/12546
Access Statistics for this article
Journal of Population Research is currently edited by Santosh Jatrana, Dharmalingam Arunachalam, Aude Bernard, Vladimir Canudas-Romo, Ann Evans, Michael Haan, Brian Houle, Trude Lappegård and Gordon Carmichael
More articles in Journal of Population Research from Springer
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Sonal Shukla ().