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Container barge congestion and handling in large seaports: a theoretical agent-based modeling approach

Peter Shobayo () and Edwin van Hassel ()
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Peter Shobayo: University of Antwerp
Edwin van Hassel: University of Antwerp

Journal of Shipping and Trade, 2019, vol. 4, issue 1, 1-26

Abstract: Abstract Container Barging forms an important mode of transportation especially in large seaports with a strong inland waterway connectivity. This is because it is Cost-efficient and environmental friendly compared to the other modes of transportation. Despite the significant importance, container barge transportation is faced with several challenges and inefficiencies. One of these challenges is the large waiting time of barges in large container seaports which has negatively impacted the reliability of barge transportation. It is due to these challenges that this study seeks to examine the reasons for barge congestion and poor handling to propose possible solutions to these problems. In achieving these objectives, a quantitative methodological approach was adopted for the study in which agent-based modelling was developed to analyze the different scenarios developed in the study. An impact assessment of each of the different scenarios was conducted to identify the most suitable that would address congestion and handling issues around container barging. The study concluded that the presence of sea vessels and the high priority given to these vessels are major causes of barge congestion in large seaports, hence the study recommends dedicated barge berthing spaces at each terminal. Appropriate smaller cranes should also be invested in, to enhance the handling of the barges.

Keywords: Barge operators; Terminal operators; Hinterland transport; Barge handling; Sea vessels; Shippers; Sea ports (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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Handle: RePEc:spr:josatr:v:4:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1186_s41072-019-0044-7