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Testing for spatial dependence in a spatial autoregressive (SAR) model in the presence of endogenous regressors

Malabika Koley () and Anil K. Bera ()
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Malabika Koley: University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
Anil K. Bera: University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

Journal of Spatial Econometrics, 2022, vol. 3, issue 1, 1-46

Abstract: Abstract Spatial modeling is one of the growing areas of research in economics in recent years. However, these models are not tested enough. Even if tests are performed, they are done in a piece-wise fashion. Another age-long problem in economic modeling is endogeneity of one or more variables. Endgeneity is caused due to a number of reasons one of which is simultaneous modeling of economic variables. This paper considers specification testing in the context of a spatial autoregresive (SAR) model with an endogenous regressor. First, we construct standard Rao’s Score (RS) tests for null hypothesis of the absence of spatial autocorrelation and endogeneity. These standard RS tests are invalid in the presence of local misspecification of the models under the alternative hypotheses. Therefore, in our next step, we develop adjusted tests using the technique of Bera and Yoon (Econom Theor 9:649–658, 1993), that are robust to local misspecification. These adjusted (or robustified) tests are simple to calculate and easy to implement. With a Monte Carlo study we investigate the finite sample performance of all the proposed tests, and the results confirm that the robust tests perform better compared to their non-robust counterparts both in terms of size and power.

Keywords: SAR; Endogeneity; Specification testing; Rao’s Score (RS) tests; Parametric misspecification; Robust RS tests (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C12 C21 C31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s43071-022-00026-7

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