India’s Potential Output Revisited
Barendra Kumar Bhoi and
Harendra Behera ()
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Barendra Kumar Bhoi: Reserve Bank of India
Journal of Quantitative Economics, 2017, vol. 15, issue 1, 101-120
Abstract Estimates of potential output have been revised downward across countries in the post-crisis period. In India, the debate on potential GDP and output gap has been intensified in the wake of revision in the GDP estimates with change in base year as well as the underlying methodology consistent with international best practices. In light of these, an attempt has been made for the first time in India to estimate potential GDP and output gap on a quarterly basis by using production function approach in addition to revisiting the estimates of potential output by conventional statistical methods for the period 1980Q2–2015Q4. The findings suggest that India’s potential growth, which had accelerated to around 8 % during 2003–2008, decelerated considerably in the aftermath of the global financial crisis to about 7 % during 2009–2015, mainly due to decline in contribution of total factor productivity and deceleration in the growth of capital stocks. The estimates further suggest that output gap, i.e. the percentage deviation of actual output from its potential level, has been negative since Q3 of 2012, though the gap is closing slowly. Key to accelerate growth as well as potential output in India lies with higher level of capital formation as its contribution dominates vis-à-vis the contribution of labour and total factor productivity.
Keywords: Potential output; Business cycle; Production function; Kalman filter (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E32 E23 E52 E3 C32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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