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Spatial Convergence and Growth in Indian Agriculture: 1967–2010

Tirtha Chatterjee ()
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Tirtha Chatterjee: Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR)

Journal of Quantitative Economics, 2017, vol. 15, issue 1, 121-149

Abstract: Abstract Inter-state disparity has been a perennial feature of Indian agriculture. The study probes if per capita income from agriculture has converged across states and finds evidence in favour of beta convergence. Spatial econometric techniques used indicate significant spatial dependence in agricultural growth. Infrastructure like roads, irrigation, and electricity, diversification in cropping pattern and quality of human capital are found to aid in growth. However, excessive rainfall tends to decrease growth rate in India. The spill-over across states are found to be primarily driven by roads, irrigation and rural literacy and we also find significant impact of spatial income growth providing evidence in favour of agglomeration effects. Hence, investments in human capital, physical infrastructure specially water management and incentives towards growing crops which yield higher returns will aid agriculture growth in India.

Keywords: Agriculture; Growth; Regional convergence; Spatial econometrics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 O18 R12 R15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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