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Covariate and Idiosyncratic Shocks and Coping Strategies for Poor and Non-poor Rural Households in India

Kailash Pradhan () and Shrabani Mukherjee ()

Journal of Quantitative Economics, 2018, vol. 16, issue 1, No 6, 127 pages

Abstract: Abstract The objective of the paper is to track the association between different type of shocks experienced by rural households and corresponding coping strategies opted by them as they are, not only exposed to household-level and community level shocks, but also, lack effective risk management strategies which make them vulnerable to get into chronic poverty. A probit analysis has been used to articulate the comparative static distinction of risk management strategies between poor and non poor rural households using Additional Rural Incomes Survey/Rural Economic and Demographic Survey (ARIS/REDS) data surveyed by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in rural India across 17 states to get a comparative static analysis. Households, generally, withdraw savings, seek remittances from migrant family members, take loan from formal and informal lenders and sell their existing assets and participate in Government sponsored welfare based programs to control after effect of shocks. Comparatively non-poor rural households could build up safety net (precautionary measure) to cope with price rise and other sudden shocks. But, extremely poor, generally, if don’t get help from relatives or can’t borrow from informal sources, ultimately starve at the time of sudden shocks. The welfare based government programs fail to arrest this extreme situation of grief during the idiosyncratic shocks.

Keywords: Rural households; Shocks; Coping strategies; Poverty; Probit model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D10 D81 I30 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1007/s40953-017-0073-8

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