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Urban drinking water security in Gujarat

Meera Mehta (), Dinesh Mehta () and Jaladhi Vavaliya ()
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Meera Mehta: CRDF, CEPT University
Dinesh Mehta: CRDF, CEPT University
Jaladhi Vavaliya: CRDF, CEPT University

Journal of Social and Economic Development, 2021, vol. 23, issue 1, No 10, 166-180

Abstract: Abstract Gujarat has made important strides to ensure that most parts of the state become water secure. In 2005, Gujarat was one of the few states that recognized that its urban areas were its ‘engines of growth’ and made significant investments in urban infrastructure. A state-wide water supply grid was constructed to transfer inter-basin water from perennial surface water sources to water-scarce areas. While these schemes have improved household-level access to municipal water supply, service levels have not improved. In this paper, we argue that along with infrastructure creation, there is a need to focus on monitoring, operation and maintenance of existing system and improving efficiency. We analyze information available from the performance assessment system (PAS) setup by the CEPT University for monitoring of urban services in India. It has annual information of water service delivery in all the urban areas of Gujarat from 2010. We assess urban drinking water supply on three key aspects: equity, service quality and financial sustainability. We also identify a few key intervention areas related to increased accountability, efficiency and equity in delivery of water supply services.

Keywords: Urban development; Water and sanitation; Water security; Performance assessment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s40847-020-00122-0

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