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Determining factors of regional food resilience in Java-Indonesia

Nunung Nuryartono (), Muhamad Rifai, Triana Anggraenie and Budi Indra Setiawan
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Triana Anggraenie: IPB University
Budi Indra Setiawan: IPB University

Journal of Social and Economic Development, 2021, vol. 23, issue 3, No 4, 504 pages

Abstract: Abstract As a major food-producing area in Indonesia, Java is threatened by medium to a high level of natural disaster vulnerability that will certainly affect the national food system. This study aims to analyze the determining factors of the food security index as a proxy of regional resilience, especially in Java. The sample used in this analysis is derived from districts throughout Java in the years of 2017–2018. The data panel regression models are used to produce the best estimation models. The results showed that disaster vulnerability is very influential on food security at district level. The other affecting factors for food security at the regional level are socioeconomic dimensions such as inflation, poverty and GDRP per capita. Policies are necessary to prevent food inflation by stabilizing prices, ensuring effective and efficient supply lines (under various conditions, including at the occurrence of natural disasters), as well as government market operations. Further implications for the food system and the food resilience are the necessity to build an integrated food system from production, distribution channels to guarantee the availability of sufficient food supply in every districts. It requires more than development of logistics and physical infrastructure for distribution systems, it implies the essentials of involvement of related stakeholders and institutional arrangements in the food system. Increased connections between the producer and the consumer regions will encourage the integration of rural areas as a food base production for the various urban areas. This potentially increases resilience in both the production and consumption areas.

Keywords: Disaster vulnerability; Food security; Panel data; Resilience (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 Q18 Q54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1007/s40847-021-00156-y

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