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Analysis of determinants of voter turnout in Indian states for election years 1991–2019

Shruthi Mohan Menon () and Gerard Rassendren ()
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Shruthi Mohan Menon: Delhi Policy Group
Gerard Rassendren: CHRIST (Deemed to be University)

Journal of Social and Economic Development, 2022, vol. 24, issue 1, No 2, 30-45

Abstract: Abstract Elections, considered the flagship to the emergence of a new government and a new era is a platform replete with exuberance and vibrancy in all forms. No election is complete without its voters who form the backbone behind the success of democracy. Democracy means elections and free and fair elections mean democracy. The present study is a focus on economic determinants of voter turnout in India since 1991 till date (2019 elections). Economics of voting is a study that encompasses analysis of both economists and political scientists in an attempt to study the economic forces influencing political outcome of the country. In this study, relevant forces determining voter turnout and their impact on political outcomes have been emphasized upon. The data are collected across regions and is characterized using panel regression. Economic factors influencing voter turnout are explored using pooled regression and fixed effect model. Results suggest that as India goes to vote, factors such as income employment influence turnout. Literacy (GER) and urban voter turnout do not influence voter turnout. Lack of efficient governance, bureaucratic loopholes, corruption, large-scale migration and others are some of the potent causes of low turnout.

Keywords: Elections; Voters; Turnout; Economy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C23 D72 P36 P40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s40847-022-00179-z

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