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An analysis of school shifting patterns in India: what do recent data tell us?

Chayanika Mitra (), Indrani Sengupta () and Pradeep Kumar Choudhury ()
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Chayanika Mitra: St. Xavier’s University
Indrani Sengupta: St. Xavier’s University
Pradeep Kumar Choudhury: Jawaharlal Nehru University

Journal of Social and Economic Development, 2022, vol. 24, issue 2, No 3, 295-318

Abstract: Abstract There is limited evidence on the shifting pattern of the children from one school to the other and how the socioeconomic status of the households impacts such decisions in India. Using a nationally representative household survey data, we examine the socioeconomic dynamics of school shifting for the children who are studying below class-10 level in India, separately for rural and urban areas. Contrary to the general perception that there is an exit of students from government schools to private schools, the findings suggest that some shift is happening between and across different types of schools in their schooling years. This implies that some children are also shifting from private schools to government schools as well as between same type of schools, i.e. government to government or private to private. Interestingly, the shifting pattern of schools varies significantly by household and child-specific characteristics in both rural and urban India. For instance, in rural India, parents are less likely to shift a male child from one type of school as compared to a female child. Girl children are more likely to shift from government to private schools in the urban, whereas in the rural, this trend is not visible. This study first attempts to find the reasons behind the school shifting tendency of students and then, makes an initial foray in examining the socioeconomic contours of school shifting in India, a relatively underexplored research area, in both academic and policy spaces.

Keywords: School shifting; Choice; School type; Private schools; Socioeconomic status (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1007/s40847-022-00192-2

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